HAVING REGARD TO the Memorandum of Understanding concluded on 29 November 2018 between the Kingdom of Spain and the United Kingdom on citizens` rights, tobacco and other products, environmental cooperation and police and customs cooperation, as well as the Agreement concluded on 29 November 2018 on the conclusion of an agreement on taxation and the protection of financial interests, In order to facilitate the most efficient transfer of such equipment, the United Kingdom and the Community shall take the necessary legal measures to release the Community from its obligations and obligations under the Agreement of 25 March 1994 with British Nuclear Fuels PLC (now Sellafield Ltd). agreements concluded between Member States in their capacity as Member States of the Union; international agreements to which the Union is a party and international agreements concluded by Member States acting on behalf of the Union; CONSIDERING that it is necessary to ensure an orderly withdrawal from the Union with regard to Gibraltar, the United Kingdom (UK) left the European Union (EU) on 31 January 2020. A transitional period now applies until 31 December 2020. During this period, the UK must comply with all EU rules and laws. For businesses or for the public, almost nothing changes. After the transition period, there will be changes, whether or not an agreement is reached on the new relationship between the UK and the EU. Union aviation law, which did not apply to Gibraltar airport before the date of entry into force of the Withdrawal Agreement, shall apply to Gibraltar airport only from the date set by the Joint Committee. The Joint Committee shall adopt the relevant Decision after the United Kingdom and Spain have notified that they have reached a satisfactory agreement on the use of Gibraltar airport. parts of another agreement between the Union and the United Kingdom under the conditions laid down in that agreement. The British government then called on the EU to postpone the Brexit date to 31 January 2020. CONSIDERING that it is necessary to make appropriate arrangements for the exemption and exemption from customs duties and taxes that the armed forces of the United Kingdom and associated personnel may maintain after the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union, CONSIDERING that the Sovereign Base Areas should remain part of the customs territory of the Union after the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union, The Withdrawal Agreement provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which the UK will remain in the Single Market to ensure smooth trade until a long-term relationship is agreed.
If no agreement is reached by that date, the UK will leave the single market on 1 January 2021 without a trade agreement. A non-binding political declaration on the future relationship between the EU and the UK is closely linked to the Withdrawal Agreement. The European Union and the United Kingdom have approved the Withdrawal Agreement. The British Parliament and the European Parliament have yet to approve the Withdrawal Agreement. 2. In the United Kingdom and in the Member States in situations to which the United Kingdom is a party, the following acts or provisions shall apply to the recognition and enforcement of judgments, judgments, authentic instruments, court settlements and agreements as follows: Specific obligations arising from international agreements IN THE WISH to lay down the arrangements for the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union and Euratom 2. Obligations under Union law on safety at work shall apply to the United Kingdom in cases where the tendering, procurement or grant award procedure for the classified contract, subcontract or grant agreement has been initiated before the end of the transition period. The agreement covers issues such as money, civil rights, border regulations and dispute settlement. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU.
It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the remaining 27 EU countries and the British government of Prime Minister Theresa May, but met with resistance in the British Parliament, whose approval was required for ratification. The consent of the European Parliament would also have been required. On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons rejected the Withdrawal Agreement by 432 votes to 202.  The House of Commons again rejected the agreement on March 12, 2019 by 391 votes to 242 and rejected it a third time on March 29, 2019 by 344 votes to 286. On October 22, 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government took the first step in Parliament, but Johnson suspended the legislative process when the accelerated approval program failed to find the necessary support, announcing his intention to call a general election.  On the 23rd. In January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the Withdrawal Agreement Act; On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament gave its consent to the Withdrawal Agreement. It was then finalised by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020.
The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Ministry`s renegotiation in 2019. The amendments adapt about 5% of the text.  RESOLVED to ensure an orderly withdrawal by means of various separation provisions in order to avoid disruption and to ensure legal certainty for citizens and economic operators, as well as for the judicial and administrative authorities of the Union and the United Kingdom, without excluding the possibility that the relevant separation provisions may be replaced by the agreement(s) on the future relationship(s), no agreement may be reached on the opening of the new one in the relevant Annex to this Protocol, it shall examine all other possibilities for maintaining the proper functioning of this Protocol and take the necessary decisions. With the conclusion of a comprehensive agreement, the EU and the UK have opened a new chapter in their relations. During intensive negotiations over a period of almost a year, the future relationship between the EU and the UK has been successfully reshaped. CONSIDERING that the provisions of this Protocol should ensure the correct transposition and application of the relevant provisions of Union law relating to Sovereign Base Areas following the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union, 2. After notification by the United Kingdom and the Union of the date of entry into force of the agreements referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, the Joint Committee established by Article 164 (hereinafter referred to as `the Joint Committee`) shall determine the date from which the provisions of this Title shall apply to nationals of Iceland, the Principality of Liechtenstein, the Kingdom of Norway and, where applicable, the Swiss Confederation. as regards the procedures referred to in Article 29(2), (3) and (4) of Directive 2009/81/EC, Article 33(2) to (5) of Directive 2014/24/EU and Article 51(2) of Directive 2014/25/EU on the implementation of the following framework agreements concluded by contracting authorities or contracting entities of the Member States or the United Kingdom, including the award of contracts on the basis of such framework agreements: children are protected by the Withdrawal Agreement, regardless of their place of birth, before or after the WITHDRAWAL of the United Kingdom from the EU or whether they were born inside or outside the host country where the EU citizen or British national resides. .